Business Waste LTD
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Clinical Waste Management

Business Waste Collection Bins

We can provide free clinical waste and sharps bins for businesses in all areas of the UK. Call 0800 211 83 90 today

What is clinical waste?

Ultimately, clinical waste is defined as waste which arises from healthcare activities or within a laboratory and can pose a threat to human health or the environment if left. As such, there is a lot of legislation regarding storage, removal and disposal of clinical waste products. It must be correctly packaged, handled and collected separately to other waste. As leading specialists in clinical waste disposal, we have created a guide to clinical waste, answering some questions about the subject.

The CWR Controlled Waste Regulations 2012, defines clinical waste as that which occurs from any healthcare activity, including dentistry and veterinary healthcare. Some of these wastes can be a danger to those who come into contact with them, which is why there are legislation and control over such wastes.

Clinical waste is waste which:

a) Contains either micro-organisms or their toxins which can cause diseases.

b) Has been contaminated with any type of medicine containing a biologically active pharmaceutical agent.

c) Is sharp, such as needles or contains body fluids

Clinical waste also extends to similar waste that is from a non-healthcare industry. Examples of this are bins containing ladies’ sanitary products in public houses, restrooms, restaurants, hotels and so forth.

For compliance with legal requirements, all clinical waste needs to be ‘rendered safe’ to ensure any risk or threat has been removed. Our clinical waste disposal process adheres to legislation, meaning your waste will be ‘rendered safe’, offering peace of mind.

With a fleet of specialist vehicles sent nationwide to collect, store and dispose of clinical waste effectively and efficiently, we lead the way in waste disposal of all types – from food to hygiene products.

Clinical Waste Disposal

How we can help you.

We have extensive knowledge in compliance issues and have a specially trained team who will visit your site, compile a dossier listing your chemicals, and create a waste disposal solution based on what you have and what needs to be disposed of. Dedicated and efficient, our team of professionals can cover everything from identification and collection, to disposal and even offer advice on recycling. We ensure your hazardous waste is taken care of in a safe way.

What are the different types of clinical waste?

Sanitary waste

Infectious waste

    Bandages
    Masks
    Dressing and wipes
    Gloves
    Aprons

Offensive waste

    Empty colostomy bags
    Incontinence pads
    Nappies and Wipes
    Gloves and disposable garments contaminated with non-infectious bodily fluids

Cytotoxic / Cytostatic waste

    Blister packs
    Medicinal Vials
    Patches
    Disposable garments, gloves, and wipes contaminated with cytotoxic and/or cytostatic medicines

Dental Amalgam Waste

    Unwanted Amalgam
    Teeth with fillings
    Capsules containing residues

Dental amalgam and mercury including contents of amalgam separators require disposal by recovery or recycling

Anatomical Waste

    Organs
    Body parts
    Blood bags

Clinical Waste Collection

With a range of solutions, we will create an appropriate plan for your waste removal needs, offering a combination of:

• Discretion where necessary and a highly professional service
• Personalised plan, tailored to your business needs and requirements
• Integrated identification on-site, collection and disposal of toxic and hazardous waste
• Unrivaled technical expertise
• Current legislation adhered to
• Advice and expertise in compliance
• Dedicated team, available for advice and disposal 24/7
• Nationwide coverage to ensure continuity across multiple sites

What types of industries produce clinical waste?

Almost any business produces some manner of waste and with the necessity of having hygiene disposal units for the removal of ladies’ hygiene products, as well as tissues used for nose-blowing noses. As such, our services are suited to many different sectors. For a no-obligation chat about your requirements so call us today to see what we can do for you.

Clinical Waste Bins

Any producer or holder of potentially dangerous waste has a legal ‘duty of care’ to manage the storage and disposal of hazardous waste safely and appropriately. Failing to manage medical waste in the appropriate manner can result in heavy fines, disreputability and potentially an immediate closure of your business.

We can provide your organisation with secure medical waste bins, sharps bins, and bags and frequent safe collections to disposal of your medical waste.

What happens to Clinical waste once it is collected?

We have high-temperature incinerators which are used to dispose of the waste accordingly. These operate at a minimum temperature of 1,100 degrees centigrade. We also use autoclave and microwave facilities, where appropriate and we have several alternative technology facilities for lower grade wastes, such as food waste.

There are strict guidelines for dealing with medical waste due to the fact it has the potential to be extremely dangerous to humans, animals, and the environment.

Call us today for a immediate free quote on 0800 211 83 90.

Clinical waste disposal methods

1. Thermal treatment

How is thermal treatment used for clinical waste disposal?

This is the main process in the disposal of medical waste. It utilises high temperatures to make the waste combustible and no longer harmful. It is used to treat both sharps waste and infectious waste. Useful materials are resistant to thermal conditions and go through the process without getting damaged while the waste material is burned down. There are a variety of ways to perform thermal treatment including:

Autoclave procedure

This involves processing chemical waste by exposing it to high levels of heat, steam, and pressure in an autoclave machine.

One can use either of the two systems of autoclave: batch or continuous flow process. In the batch system, waste is exposed to temperatures as high as 1600°C, pressures of 6 bar (gauge) and steam. Plastics melt, papers disintegrate and labels are removed while bottles and metallic objects are cleaned. On the other hand, in the continuous flow process, waste such as stones, glass, and metals are removed from the initial waste before the automated autoclave process begins. In this way, significant levels of energy are saved, in addition to cutting down on labour and equipment costs./p>

Hybrid autoclave systems function similarly, only they are incorporated with other technologies so that they can also function as washers and sterilisers.

Continuous steam treatment systems

This gets rid of the chemical waste while enhancing specific material properties such as firmness and resistance to corrosive and abrasive forces.

Frictional heat treatment systems

Heat for waste combustion is generated through impact and friction. The residue is sterilised and later on reduced into manageable volume through fine grinding and drying. This method can be used as an alternative to incineration. Studies show it has near-zero negative environmental impact and it significantly reduces the waste quantity.

Incineration

This involves exposing waste to heat to burn its organic components, converting them to ash, gas, and heat. The gas produced is commonly known as flue gas and it is treated to rid it of pollutants before it is released into the atmosphere. The heat can be utilised to generate electric power.

2. Chemical

What chemical methods are used for clinical waste disposal?

This is mostly used for chemical and liquid waste disposal. Several options are available for waste disposal through chemical means:

Ion exchange

Unwanted portions of waste are passed through a system where they are exchanged for other ions with the same charge. This method uses the principle of ion attraction and repulsion. A solid known as a resin is loaded with the desired ions and the liquid with the undesirable ions is passed through it. Undesirable ions are attached to the resin while the desirable ones are released into the liquid. It is most suitable in the treatment of liquid waste and the water purification process.

Oxidation and reduction

This involves reduction and oxidation (redox) chemical reactions. The oxidised substance loses electrons while the reduced one gains electrons. This method is used to reduce the content of biochemical oxygen demand in waste-water, thereby reducing its levels of toxicity.

Neutralisation

This is a chemical process that involves making waste less acidic or less basic before disposal. A pH probe placed in the waste solution senses the pH levels of liquid waste and sends this information to a pH controller. This, in turn, results in the injection of acid or caustic as per the interpreted pH.

Precipitation

Precipitation aims to remove unwanted chemical components by singling them out. A precipitating reagent is added to waste material after which an insoluble matter is formed. This makes it easier to separate waste from the rest of the components.

3. Irradiative

How does using an irradiative method work for clinical waste disposal?

This employs microwave technology in pathogen inactivation. It is typically used for sharps and infectious waste disposal. Recently microwaves have been upgraded for the treatment of bio-hazardous waste with technologies that control the moisture content. The introduction of microwaves in waste management brought about the advantages of minimised energy loss and reduced heating periods.

There are two systems designed for microwaving: batch and continuous microwave technologies. Batch systems involved controlled heating of waste with automatic moisture control, whereas continuous systems involve a shredding mechanism for disposing of substantial amounts of bio-medical waste.

4. Biological process

How does using a biological process work in clinical waste disposal?

In this, enzymes are utilised to break down certain chemical components of waste matter. It is, however, quite underdeveloped and rarely used in waste disposal.