Most common and different types of waste

Waste is an inevitable byproduct of our daily lives. However, as a business owner, you are responsible for ensuring that your waste is ethically and responsibly disposed of after use. This minimises the impact your company has on the environment and can you better manage your finances. Furthermore, establishing a clear waste disposal plan, with an emphasis on protecting the environment, makes you more attractive to customers. In fact, studies have shown that brands whose ethos aligns with the eco-friendly movement, tend to perform better than those who treat it with blatant disregard.However, it is important to understand that there are various different subcategories of waste. This means that there are multiple rules and regulations regarding their disposal – you cannot simply lump all of your waste together and hope for the best. This guide will take you through the different kinds of waste, providing tips on how to dispose of each product safely. It will also provide you with guidance on how to reduce the waste you produce. To learn about starting a workplace recycling scheme click here.

What are the most common types of waste?

    • Hazardous Waste
    • Landfill Waste
    • Inert Waste
    • Scrap Metal Waste
    • Bulky Waste Items

Builders’ Waste

    • Green Waste
    Recyclable Waste

01 | Hazardous Waste.

What is hazardous waste?

By definition, hazardous waste is any waste that can cause harm to humans or the environment. Hazardous waste is produced in various industries and facilities. This includes:

The agricultural industry.
The construction Industry.
Production companies and factories.

What are some examples of hazardous waste?

    • Chemical waste (or products that have come into contact with chemicals)
    • Non-edible

oil waste

    • Pesticides and insect repellent


    • s (needles, syringes)

Covid testing waste

How do you manage hazardous waste?

Hazardous waste must be managed with caution due to the threat to both humans and the environment. Therefore, you must ensure that it is stored safely and securely before collection. We provide the following storage solutions for hazardous waste:

Orange chemical waste bags

    • . Suitable for bandages, dressing, and

PPE products

    • such as masks, gloves, and aprons.

Sharps Bins (Yellow lid)

    • . Suitable for sharps containing contaminated medical products, such as needles and syringes.

Sharps Bins (Orange lid)

    • . Suitable for sharps used for blood tests and acupuncture.

Sharps Bins (Purple lid)

    • . Suitable for medicinal products.

Bulk containers

    . Suitable for storing hazardous liquid and chemical waste.

Once full, all bags should be tied securely to prevent any products from spilling out. They should then be left in an appropriate bin or container, depending upon the volume of waste you produce.

What are the hazardous waste legislations and laws?

The Strategy for Hazardous Waste Management In England (2010). This legislation enforces a ‘duty of care’ on businesses, which means they must manage, store and dispose of hazardous waste safely and appropriately.

The Hazardous Waste Regulations (2005). This legislation was an expansion of the Hazardous Waste Directive (1991) and focused on tracking hazardous waste in England and Wales (i.e. how the waste is collected from premises).

How can I reduce the amount of hazardous waste I produce?

There are various different ways that you can reduce the amount of hazardous waste you produce. For example, you should carefully research the materials you use to see if you can find a non-hazardous (or less hazardous) alternative. You should also focus on developing your business plan, to ensure that you purchase the right amount of products, thus effectively reducing the amount of waste you produce as a whole.

How much does it cost to dispose of hazardous waste?

For an immediate quote call 0800 211 83 90

02| Landfill waste

What is landfill waste?

Landfill waste refers to any waste that is taken to a landfill site after disposal. Each year, around 14 million tonnes of waste are sent to landfills in the UK alone. Therefore, it is unsurprising that various industries contribute to the rapidly overflowing landfill waste.

Examples of landfill waste:

Food waste
General waste
Packaging waste
Plastic waste

How do you manage landfill waste?

Wherever possible, you must reduce the amount of landfill waste you produce. For example, plastic can be separated from general waste and sent to a recycling facility. Despite this, you should use the following solutions to store your landfill waste:

Prepaid Waste Bags
Wheelie bins

    . Available for free in a variety of different sizes, dependent upon the type or amount of waste you are producing.

What are the Landfill waste regulations and laws?

Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010. This legislation was put in place in line with the EU Landfill directive. Both work to control the products that are brought into Landfills. For example, you can no longer dispose of chemical or liquid waste at a landfill site.

The Environment Protection Act 1990. This legislation encourages business owners and companies to be mindful about the waste they produce, whilst also ensuring that it is safely and securely disposed of.

How can I reduce the amount of landfill waste I produce?

Proper education can significantly reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills each year. For example, you should ensure that all employees know which waste can and cannot be recycled, thus limiting the amount of waste sent to landfill sites. Wherever possible, you should also alter your purchasing habits to limit the use of single-use, non-recyclable products that can only be disposed of via landfills.

How much does it cost to dispose of Landfill waste?

The cost of your landfill waste disposal will depend upon the amount of waste you produce. However, it is also subject to landfill tax. Landfill tax is an environmental tax, designed to minimise the amount of waste mistakenly sent to landfills that could be sent elsewhere.

03| Inert Waste

What is inert waste?

Inert waste does not pose any threat to the environment or human life. However, it takes a long time to decompose. In many cases, it does not decompose at all. This is because it is not biologically or chemically reactive. It is used in a lot of industries, including:

The construction industry
The agricultural industry

    • The mining industry
    The production industry

Inert waste examples:

    • Sand
    • Clay
    • Concrete
    • Chalk

How do you manage inert waste?

Typically, you will be dealing with inert waste in large bulk quantities. This means that you need to ensure that you have the appropriate containers and storage solutions on hand. This could include:

Wheelie Bins. Our bins are available in a wide range of sizes, from 240L to 1100L.

What are the inert waste legislations and laws?

The Landfill (England and Wales) Regulations 2002. Following this legislation, inert waste must be disposed of at specialist landfill sites, though precautions should be put in place to limit the amount of waste you produce.

How can I reduce the amount of inert waste I produce?

The most straightforward way to reduce the amount of inert waste produced by your company or business is by managing your stock more efficiently. For example, you should ensure you buy the correct amount of materials you need each year, to reduce the risk of certain products going to waste.

How much does it cost to dispose of inert waste?

For costs for inert waste collection please contact 0800 211 83 90

04| Scrap Metal Waste

What is scrap waste?

Scrap waste refers to waste that is leftover when a product is being manufactured or consumed. This could include surplus supplies or building materials. Many industries produce scrap waste; this includes:

    • The automotive industry
    • The aviation industry
    • Construction industry
    Factories & Laboratories

Scrap waste examples:

The large majority of scrap waste are metals. This includes:

    • Alloy steel
    • Carbon steel
    • Cast iron
    • Wrought iron
    • Platinum

How do you manage scrap waste?

The large majority of scrap metal can be recycled or repurposed. You may also be able to sell your scrap metal to earn a small profit. However, to achieve this, you need to ensure that your scrap waste is kept separate from other products, to allow for easy collection. To do this, you may need to use a variety of storage solutions. This could include:

Wheelie bins.

    . If you are regularly producing large amounts of scrap metal, you may need to use a front or rear-end loader, or a skip. We have a variety of sizes on hand to meet your needs.

What are the Scrap waste regulations and laws?

Scrap Metal Dealers Act (2013) If you are planning on selling your scrap metal, you need to ensure that you work in accordance with the Scrap Metal Dealers Act. This law dictates that it must be sold to a licensed dealer.

How can I reduce the amount of scrap waste I produce?

There are numerous ways in which you can reduce the amount of scrap metal waste you produce. This begins with more efficient management to ensure that you reduce the amount of waste you produce overall. Following this, you can focus on improving employee efficiency, minimising the amount of scrap produced.

How much does it cost to dispose of scrap waste?

For local metal waste collection and disposal prices please call 0800 211 83 90

05 | Bulky Waste Items

What is bulky waste?

Bulky waste is any waste that is too large to be collected with your regulation waste collection. This is produced by a variety of industries, including:

    • The construction industry
    • The takeaway and foodservice industry
    • The hospitality industry (i.e. hotels)
    Household waste

Bulky waste examples:

WEEE products

    • (Fridges, freezers, TVs, ovens, microwaves)


    • (Couches, chairs, tables, beds)
    Plumbing fixtures (Baths, sinks and toilets)

How do you manage bulky waste?

Due to its size, bulky waste cannot be stored in traditional wheelie bins or containers. However, larger storage solutions are available, including:

Front-end loaders
Rear-end loaders
Man and van rubbish removalYou need to arrange ‘one of’ collections for bulky items, and may not need such a permanent storage solution.

What are the laws and legislations covering Bulky waste?

The Environment Protection Act (1990). Bulky waste must be stored safely and securely before collection. This is particularly true if you are dealing with WEEE products, which may contain harmful chemicals or materials.

How can I reduce the amount of bulky waste I produce?

One way in which you can reduce the amount of bulky waste produced in the running of your company is by finding alternative uses for the products as opposed to throwing them away. For example, if items are still working, you could consider donating them to charity instead of disposing of them outright.

How much does it cost to dispose of bulky waste?

For a immediate price for a one off collection call 0800 211 83 90

06| Builders’ Waste

What is Builders’ Waste?

To put it simply, builders’ waste is the waste produced by builders during the construction process. It is sometimes referred to as construction waste and is mainly produced by those within the construction industry.

Builders’ waste examples.


    • Tiles
    • Cement
    • Wood
    • Glass
    • Steel
    • Plaster


How do you manage builders’ waste?

To safely and securely store your builders’ waste, you will first need to separate the waste into different sections. For example, some items, such as asbestos are considered hazardous and must be disposed of accordingly. Here are some of the storage solutions we offer for builders’ waste.

Hazardous waste bags

    • . If you are dealing with asbestos, you may need to bring in a member of our team to handle it outright. Ideally, it should be double-bagged to prevent the substance from being disturbed before collection.
    • Small/Large Builders Skips. Our builders’ skips are specifically designed for use on construction sites and can help you manage large volumes of waste effectively.

Man and Van rubbish removal

What are the builders’ waste legislations and laws?

The Waste (England and Wales) Regulations 2011. This legislation applies to various fields outside of construction waste but places a duty of care on companies to ensure they minimise the amount of waste they produce.

How can I reduce the amount of builders’ waste I produce?

Builders’ waste can be reduced by effective management and training. For example, employees should be taught how to make the most of the resources available to them, thus reducing the amount of waste they produce daily. Wherever possible, you should also ensure you have a variety of recycling facilities on site, that allow you to better manage the waste you produce.

How much does it cost to dispose of builders’ waste?

For local skip prices or one off waste clearance call 0800 211 83 90

07| Green Waste

What is green waste?

Green waste is sometimes referred to as biological waste and can be fully composted. Green waste is produced by a variety of industries, including:

    • The Agricultural industry
    • The Foodservice industry
    The Environmental service industry

Green waste examples:

    • Grass clippings
    • Leaves
    • Certain

Food waste

    • Branches

How do you manage green waste?

Various storage solutions can be used to store green waste. This includes:

    • Prepaid waste bags.
    Wheelie bins.

The storage solution you use will depend largely upon the amount of green waste you are producing. We are also on hand to arrange regular collections to meet your needs.

What are the green waste legislations and laws?

The Waste (England and Wales) Regulations 2011. There are no specific regulations relating to green waste, though companies must ensure that they work to meet general waste regulations, as dictated in the Waste Regulations (2011).

How can I reduce the amount of green waste I can produce?

You can reduce the amount of green waste you produce by setting up a space for composting on-site. This could prove particularly useful if you work within the agriculture industry, as it proves to be beneficial in the growing of plants and crops.

How much does it cost to dispose of green waste?

For local green waste disposal costs please call 0800 211 83 90

08 | Recyclable Waste

What is recyclable waste?

Recyclable waste refers to any waste products that can be recycled. This means that it can be reused, repurposed or sent to a specialist recycling facility and given a new life. Many industries produce recyclable waste, including:

    • The business industry (Offices, warehouses)
    • The education industry (Schools, colleges, nurseries)
    The retail industry

Recyclable waste examples.

    • Paper
    • Cardboard
    • Plastic

How do you manage recyclable waste?

Depending on the type of recycling waste you produce, you may need to separate each product prior to collection. However, you can also store dry mixed recyclables in one container. There are various different storage options available, including:

Wheelie bins
Recycling balers

    • and



What are the recycling waste legislations and laws?

UK Waste Regulations (2015). This legislation dictates that businesses must separate their recyclable waste from their general waste. This was put in place to reduce pressure on overcrowded landfill sites.

The Environmental Protection Act (1990). This legislation was established to ensure that companies, businesses and individuals take responsibility for the waste they are producing, and operate with the environment in mind.

How can I reduce the amount of recyclable waste I produce?

Thankfully, there are various steps you can take to reduce the amount of recycling waste you produce. For example, the vast majority of waste produced within office or administration settings is paper waste. You can reduce this initially, by going paperless and digitising your files. This means you will no longer need to purchase paper products. Another way to reduce recycling waste across your business is by providing your employees with easy access to recycling bins. This means that you reduce the chances of recyclable waste ending up in your general waste bins.

How much does it cost to dispose of recyclable waste?

We provide free recycling bins, for an immediate price for collections in your area please call 0800 211 8390

How can business waste help?

At BusinessWaste, we provide a range of waste collection and disposal services on your behalf. This means you will not have to hire multiple waste companies to manage your company’s waste – we’ve got you covered.

Our services include:

    • Quick quote services.
    • Free bins and containers.
    • One simple to understand invoice.
    An expert team on hand to cover any questions.

How do I arrange waste collections?

Arranging waste collections through could not be easier. To begin, get in touch via our website, or call on 0800 211 8390. Our expert team will be on hand to answer any questions you might have and can provide you with a quote in 7-10 days.

Following this, we’ll work closely with you to put together a waste collection plan that works for you and your business. We can arrange for daily, weekly or monthly collection of waste and provide you with the appropriate storage solutions, including FREE bins to install on your premises.

What is a duty of care certificate?

When disposing of any waste, you will need to obtain a Duty of Care certificate, per government legislation. This is a legal document that serves as proof that your company stores and disposes of waste legally and responsibly. When working with BusinessWaste, we’ll provide the duty of care certificate for free.

You can find out more about our commercial waste disposal services here. To learn about business recycling click here.

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