Most of our wood waste comes from urban areas where there is massive construction, demolition, wood processing and wood packaging activities. The industries contributing to the creation of wood waste include furniture, sawmill, pulp and paper, plywood mills, and particleboard mills.
Wood Waste Disposal
There are four different types of wood wastes, namely problem wood waste, used wood, scrap wood, and natural wood waste. Examples of problem wood waste are unwanted laminated timber, wood waste with preservative agents, and a blend of problem wood waste with regular wood. Used wood waste comprises of deserted wooden building portions, wooden furniture, and wood waste from materials like colour pallets. The third type is scrap wood waste, which is produced in workshops by carpenters, furniture factories, construction sites, and sawmills. Natural wood waste constitutes of leftover sawdust and remaining wood pieces from logging activities.
Wood Waste Management
Waste collecting bins are pile-up stations of different sizes, shapes, and materials that help to reduce the spread of litter. The different types of waste collecting containers are localised containers, centralised bins stations, waste transfer carts or transfer balers, and waste yard dumpsters. Localised containers also called desk-side bins and are individual refuse bins whose purpose is to increase efficiency in the correct handling of waste. For example, they are a close point to throw minor personal trash such as papers. They encourage people to keep their garbage organised, thus promoting the recycling of wood waste. The second category is centralised bin stations or high traffic containers. These are placed in strategic points and are the recipients of waste assembled from the localised containers. Most furniture workshops have these bins in their hallways and corridors for storing wood waste from personal employees’ work stations. The third type is the waste transfer carts, also known as utility carts. Their primary purpose is to receive refuse from centralised stations and move or cut them if it is a transfer baler. They are big containers that carry more waste and are economical compared to buying numerous high traffic containers. The refuse yard dumpster is the last designated point that stores large amounts of waste. They are mostly huge and receive tones of wood waste from transfer balers.
Scrap Wood Collection
Governments have put in place laws and regulations to control the process of disposing of wood waste. For instance, the UK has the Waste Legislation and Environmental Protection Act that requires all companies to document all waste they fetch to ensure its correct disposal. Another law is the Hazardous Waste Directive, which forbids the mixing of hazardous and non-dangerous waste. There is also the Duty of Care legislation, which requires all parties that import, produce, keep, treat or dispose of regulated waste to pay a specific levy called Duty Care. The UK government legislates that a Waste Transfer Note should accompany all movement of hazardous consignments of wood garbage. The note contains legal documents with signatures of both parties that are sending and receiving the wood waste.
After collection, we can recycle several forms of wastes. A good example is wood waste, which is readily recyclable and requires very little processing. Individuals can use wood waste to make wood-chips; this small wood debris is perfect for creating a landscape cover or beautiful bed gardens. Companies can also compose wood refuse and use it as a raw material for developing biomass fuel. Other organisations use wood waste products as raw material to produce plywoods, fencing wood, and demolition tools.
Facts about wood waste
Wood waste is one of the leading wastes in the UK, although the UK is only home to 1% of the world population, it consumes 3% of the wold’s wood. In the past, wood waste has been piling up in dump-sites despite wood being an organic, recyclable product. However, in recent years, companies have begun to properly dispose of their wood waste and reuse it where possible.