While the first car was invented in 1886, car batteries were not widely used until 1920. Following this, it wasn’t until 1970 that sealed batteries (batteries that did not need refilling) were introduced. However, when you consider that 74% of UK adults have a valid licence, it’s clear that we produce large volumes of battery waste each year.
What type of waste are Car Batteries?
As the name indicates, Car Batteries are a form of battery waste, which is typically classified as hazardous. This is because batteries contain a variety of corrosive materials, such as sulphuric acid, alongside heavy metals, such as led. While there are different types of batteries, such as Alkaline Batteries (non-hazardous) and Mercury Batteries (hazardous), the most common form of car batteries are formed by Lead-Acid Batteries or Lithium-Ion Batteries. From the above, Lithium-Ion batteries are most commonly used today.
Who invented Car Batteries?
Gaston Planté, a French physicist, developed the first lead-acid batteries. However, the Hudson Motor Car Company patented the first lead-acid batteries explicitly designed for cars in 1918.
What materials are car batteries made from?
Lithium-Ion batteries. Lithium-Ion batteries are typically made from carbon, graphite, lithium salt and metal oxide.
Lead-acid batteries. Lead-acid batteries are made from lead peroxide, sponge lead and sulphuric acid.
How are Car Batteries made?
Lithium-Ion batteries are manufactured similarly to other types of batteries. Active materials are mixed with polymers, conductive additives and solvents until they form a slurry (a mixture of dense solids suspended in water). The slurry is then coated with foil and dried to remove the solvent.
Car Battery Disposal.
How do you dispose of Car Batteries.
In some cases, you may be able to dispose of old car batteries through the manufacturer of your vehicle or the garage from which you purchased your car. However, they are also disposed of at scrap metal facilities and recycling sites across the UK. If you run a garage or some form of automotive company, however, you will likely be responsible for disposing of a large number of automotive batteries. As a result, you should:
Ensure all batteries are stored in suitable bins or containers before disposal.
Arrange for battery waste to be collected by a licensed carrier, who can transport the batteries to the appropriate recycling facility.
What happens to Car Batteries next after they have been put in the bin?
If sent to landfill sites, car batteries could be considered responsible for an increase in pollution levels. As they degrade, they will release a number of dangerous chemicals into the surrounding ground and atmosphere. However, it’s important to remember that both lithium-ion batteries and lead-acid batteries can be recycled.
When recycling lead-acid batteries, the batteries are first broken down, and they are then neutralised in acid, which allows for some materials, such as lead to be extracted. The extracted materials can then be used to create new batteries.
The process of recycling lithium-ion batteries is a little different, however. The batteries are first crushed, which makes sorting through the different materials much easier. It also allows any electrolytes to be recovered. After crushing, any reusable materials are extracted and prepared for reuse.
What are the costs associated with recycling and disposing of Car Batteries?
It is against the law to dispose of any form of battery alongside the rest of your waste, even commercial waste. As a result, business owners working within the automotive industry must work with a specialist waste management company to dispose of car batteries safely and securely. At Business Waste, we pride ourselves on our low prices. Not only can we provide you with free access to bins and containers, but we’ll also put together a waste management plan that can help you save a great deal of money in the long run.
How many Car Batteries are made each year?
According to a recent study, nearly 99 million car batteries are manufactured annually.
How many Car Batteries are sent to landfills?
Thankfully, there are various initiatives in place to ensure that car batteries are recycled. As a result, it’s predicted that 98% of them are disposed of in this manner – meaning that very few are sent to landfill sites.
Facts about Car Batteries.
Due to their high recycling rate, car batteries are considered one of the most recycled consumer products in the world.
90% of the materials used in a single battery can be recycled.
Where can you take these items to recycle/dispose of them for free?
As mentioned previously, many car manufacturers and garages will take your old vehicle off your hands when it is time for you to purchase a new one. As a result, they will then be responsible for recycling the batteries. Alternatively, you can take them to local recycling centres or even scrap companies for free.
Learn about car disposal
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