What is Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste?
Due to the dangers associated with them, any items or products that have come into contact with the drugs are also classified as cytotoxic and cytostatic waste.
Examples of Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste include:
Bandages & patches
Contaminated disposable garments and PPE
Contaminated gloves and wipes
Cytotoxic and Cytostatic medications/drugs
Some forms of antiviral medication & antibiotics
Sharps (needles, syringes, scalpels, etc.)
As Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste could threaten human life and the environment, there are various regulations set in place that dictate how it should be disposed of. This includes the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations. When followed, these regulations:
Reduce the risk of infection spreading (from contaminated products to staff/members of the public)
Ensure that Clinical waste is stored separately from general waste, reducing the chances of the cross-contamination of waste.
Prevent illegal use or reuse of the products.
Ensure that hazardous waste is disposed of correctly, away from landfills.
Protect the environment.
Who produces Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste?
Laboratories where medications are produced or trialed before being made available to the public. For example, this could include the development and testing of new cytotoxic and cytostatic medicines used in chemotherapy or to treat cancer.
Pharmacies where medications are tested or distributed daily. This could include expired medication that can no longer be distributed and therefore must be disposed of.
Doctors surgeries & hospitals where conditions are treated and medicines distributed on a daily basis.
Veterinary practices where vets are using cytotoxic or cytostatic medications as part of their treatment plans. For example, they can also be used to cure cancers in animals.
Care homes where residents may be receiving regular medical treatment.
Who uses the products that make up this waste and why?
The products are also used by those receiving medical treatment, either as an inpatient or within their own homes.
Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste bags
How should Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste be stored?
Ensure that all employees are aware of the dangers associated with Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste.
Put together a dedicated waste management plan.
Ensure that all waste is segregated correctly and stored in the appropriate bags & containers.
Put necessary security measures in place to ensure the waste is stored in a secure environment, such as a gated area.
Clearly label all waste prior to collection.
What bins, containers and bags should be used to store Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste?
Cytotoxic and Cytostatic Purple Waste Bags. These bags are the most effective method of storage for Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste. This is because they can be tied up securely to prevent any spillages. As they are a bright purple colour, it also minimises the chances of the wrong waste items being put into the bags. The bin bags are suitable for different forms of cytotoxic and cytostatic waste, such as medicinal vials, PPE and blister packs.
Wheelie Bins. Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste bags should also be stored in the appropriate containers once they have been used. This can include wheelie bins, which are lockable and easy to transport. They can also be coloured0coded to reduce the chances of cross-contamination.
Sharps bins. Sharps bins should be used to store any sharps that may have come into contact with Cytotoxic or Cytostatic waste products. This includes needles, syringes, scalpels and lancets.
Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste collection
What waste collection options are available for Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste?
Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste disposal
How is Cytotoxic and Cytostatic waste disposed of?
When working with business waste, you can rest easy knowing that we never send waste to a landfill site and do everything in our power to reduce the impact that our practices have upon the environment – helping you keep the planet clean and manage your waste at the same time.